How to Improve the YLS/CMI? Exploring a Particularly Predictive Combination of Items

Recidivism risk assessment is central to addressing criminogenic needs among youth offenders. To accomplish this, the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI) is worldwide used, but it is long and has limited predictive validity for minority populations. This study presents a parti...

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Published in:International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology
Main Author: Villanueva, Lidón (Author)
Other Authors: Pereira, Miguel Basto (Author); Cuervo, Keren
Format: Electronic Article
Language:English
Published: 2020
In:International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology
Year: 2019, Volume: 64, Issue: 9, Pages: 922-937
Online Access: Resolving-System
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Summary:Recidivism risk assessment is central to addressing criminogenic needs among youth offenders. To accomplish this, the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI) is worldwide used, but it is long and has limited predictive validity for minority populations. This study presents a particularly predictive combination of seven items that overcomes these limitations. A sample of 430 Spanish youth offenders participated in this study. The YLS/CMI long version was filled out and reconvictions were collected over a 2-year period. Results show that this combination of seven items reduced more than 80% of the inventory and improved the predictive validity, globally and for minorities. The items that were included were related to psychopathic traits and the lack of protective role models. Therefore, this specific combination of YLS/CMI items has considerable higher predictive validity across gender and culture, and may be useful to practitioners in this field.
ISSN:1552-6933
DOI:10.1177/0306624X19881926