What Protects Those at High Risk from Criminal Justice Contact Despite the Odds? A Negative Case Analysis

Criminal justice contact is a prevalent, if not expected, life event for many high-risk individuals with deleterious consequences; yet, many individuals at high risk are able to avoid this contact (i.e. negative cases exist). In this study, we draw on the life course framework and utilize negative c...

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Bibliographic Details
Published in:The British journal of criminology
Main Author: Doherty, Elaine Eggleston (Author)
Contributors: Bersani, Bianca E. (Author)
Format: Electronic Article
Language:English
Published: 2020
In:The British journal of criminology
Year: 2020, Volume: 60, Issue: 6, Pages: 1627–1647
Online Access: Volltext (Resolving-System)
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Summary:Criminal justice contact is a prevalent, if not expected, life event for many high-risk individuals with deleterious consequences; yet, many individuals at high risk are able to avoid this contact (i.e. negative cases exist). In this study, we draw on the life course framework and utilize negative case analysis to (1) estimate the prevalence of criminal justice avoidance within a sample of structurally high-risk Black men and (2) explore the individual, familial and contextual factors in childhood and adolescence that distinguish these negative cases. One’s own ‘on-time’ and one’s siblings’ education emerge as particularly strong protective factors suggesting that the presence of unique protection, as opposed to the absence of risk, may be most salient. Theoretical implications are discussed.
ISSN:1464-3529
DOI:10.1093/bjc/azaa043