Crime prevention and reduction programs: How does knowing about community initiatives moderate attitudes towards criminal victimisation?

The current study examines the association between fear of crime and awareness of community programs designed to prevent or reduce crime and social disorder. Data were collected from a community survey of household residents living on the Gold Coast of Australia (N = 713). Results indicate that thos...

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Bibliographic Details
Published in:The Australian and New Zealand journal of criminology
Main Author: Chataway, Michael L. (Author)
Other Authors: Hart, Timothy C. (Author)
Format: Electronic Article
Language:English
Published: 2018
In:The Australian and New Zealand journal of criminology
Year: 2018, Volume: 51, Issue: 2, Pages: 239-257
Online Access: Volltext (Resolving-System)
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Summary:The current study examines the association between fear of crime and awareness of community programs designed to prevent or reduce crime and social disorder. Data were collected from a community survey of household residents living on the Gold Coast of Australia (N = 713). Results indicate that those reportedly aware of community initiatives, fear property crime and crimes against persons differently than those reportedly unaware of them. For fear of personal victimisation, awareness of crime prevention programs within an area weakened relationships between (a) perceptions of incivility and social cohesion; (b) perceptions of the consequences of victimisation and likelihood of victimisation; and (c) perceptions of the likelihood of victimisation and worry about personal crime. Findings are discussed in terms of their implications on future research, and strategies for developing crime prevention and fear reduction programs that maximise the positive effects on attitudes towards crime, while minimising their unintended consequences, are also offered.
ISSN:1837-9273
DOI:10.1177/0004865817717055