The Diffusion of Detriment: Tracking Displacement Using a City-Wide Mixed Methods Approach

Crime reduction strategies are often faced with the criticism of crime displacement. Conversely, criminologists find that reductions in crime in one area have a ‘diffusion of benefits' to surrounding areas. However, these findings are limited due to a lack of extensive longitudinal data and qua...

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Published in:The British journal of criminology
Main Author: Hodgkinson, Tarah (Author)
Contributors: Saville, Gregory (Author); Andresen, Martin A.
Format: Electronic Article
Language:English
Published: 2020
In:The British journal of criminology
Year: 2020, Volume: 60, Issue: 1, Pages: 198-218
Online Access: Volltext (Resolving-System)
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Summary:Crime reduction strategies are often faced with the criticism of crime displacement. Conversely, criminologists find that reductions in crime in one area have a ‘diffusion of benefits' to surrounding areas. However, these findings are limited due to a lack of extensive longitudinal data and qualitative data that provide context. We examine a natural experiment in displacement: the removal of a convergence setting in which calls for service immediately declined. However, other areas emerged as problematic and, in some places, crime increased dramatically. Using a qualitatively informed trajectory analysis, we examine whether the removal of a convergence setting results in displacement across the entire city. We discuss the implications for opportunity theories and prevention strategies.
ISSN:1464-3529
DOI:10.1093/bjc/azz025