Target congruence as a means of understanding risk of intimate partner violence: a comparison of male and female college students in the United States

This study examines the effects of routine activities and target congruence—or the extent to which an individual’s characteristics match up with offenders’ needs, motives, or reactivities—on intimate partner violence. We also examine whether the effect of target congruence is moderated by gender. Us...

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Bibliographic Details
Published in:Crime & delinquency
Main Author: Elvey, Kate (Author)
Other Authors: McNeeley, Susan M. (Author)
Format: Electronic Article
Language:English
Published: 2019
In:Crime & delinquency
Year: 2019, Volume: 65, Issue: 13, Pages: 1823-1849
Online Access: Volltext (Resolving-System)
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Summary:This study examines the effects of routine activities and target congruence—or the extent to which an individual’s characteristics match up with offenders’ needs, motives, or reactivities—on intimate partner violence. We also examine whether the effect of target congruence is moderated by gender. Using a nationwide sample of more than 74,000 students from 129 universities across the United States, the results show that indicators of target antagonism, target gratifiability, and target vulnerability are associated with risk of physical and sexual intimate partner violence and that the importance of specific risk factors varies by gender. The results highlight the importance of target congruence in understanding victimization, and provide information that can direct policies to prevent intimate partner violence on college campuses.
ISSN:1552-387X
DOI:10.1177/0011128718770686