School climate predictors of school disorder: results from a national study of delinquency prevention in schools

Hypotheses about the association of school organizational characteristics with school crime and disorder were tested in a nationally representative sample of 254 secondary schools. Relatively small intra-class correlations suggest that most of the variance in the individual measures of school disord...

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Contributors: Gottfredson, Gary D. (Other); Gottfredson, Denise C. (Other); Payne, Allison Ann (Other); Gottfredson, Nisha C. (Other)
Format: Electronic/Print Article
Language:English
Published: 2005
In:Journal of research in crime and delinquency
Year: 2005, Volume: 42, Issue: 4, Pages: 412-444
Online Access: doi
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Availability in Tübingen:Present in Tübingen.
IFK: In: Z 31
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Summary:Hypotheses about the association of school organizational characteristics with school crime and disorder were tested in a nationally representative sample of 254 secondary schools. Relatively small intra-class correlations suggest that most of the variance in the individual measures of school disorder result from within-school rather than between-school variation. Therefore only a small-portion of this variation is potentially explainable by between-school influences. Nevertheless, school climate explained a substantial percentage of the variance in all measures of school disorder controlling for the effects of community characteristics and school student composition. Schools in which students perceived greater-fairness and clarity of rules had less delinquent behavior and less student victimization. Rule fairness and clarity did not influence teacher victimization. Schools with more positive psychosocial climates had less teacher victimization, but climate did not influence student victimization or delinquent behavior. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR
ISSN:0022-4278