Hate crime victimization among lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults - Prevalence, psychological correlates, and methodological issues

Although violence based on sexual orientation is now widely recognized as a serious problem in the United States, social science data concerning the prevalence and consequences of such crimes are limited. In the present study, questionnaire data about victimization experiences were collected from 14...

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Published in:Journal of interpersonal violence
Contributors: Cogan, Jeanine C. (Other); Glunt, Erik K. (Other)
Format: Electronic/Print Article
Language:English
Published: 1997
In:Journal of interpersonal violence
Year: 1997, Volume: 12, Issue: 2, Pages: 195-215
Online Access: doi
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Summary:Although violence based on sexual orientation is now widely recognized as a serious problem in the United States, social science data concerning the prevalence and consequences of such crimes are limited. In the present study, questionnaire data about victimization experiences were collected from 147 lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals (74 females, 73 males) in the Sacramento, CA area. In addition, 45 of the respondents participated in a follow-up interview. Forty-one percent reported experiencing a bias-related criminal victimization since age 16, with another 9.5% reporting an attempted bias crime against them. The distribution of bias-related victimization and harassment experiences in the sample resembled patterns reported in other U.S. surveys with similar samples. Compared to other respondents, bias-crime survivors manifested higher levels of depression, anxiety, anger, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress. Methodological and substantive issues in empirical research on hate crimes against lesbians and gay men are discussed
ISSN:0886-2605