Short-Term Outcomes for Offenders With Mental Illness Released From Incarceration

Using data on 247 offenders with mental illness, this analysis seeks to identify characteristics that distinguish those who are returned to prison or a psychiatric hospital with those who remain in the community. Sociodemographic, mental health, criminal history, and service variables are compared a...

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Published in:International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology
Main Author: Hartwell, Stephanie
Format: Electronic/Print Article
Language:Undetermined language
Published: 2003
In:International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology
Year: 2003, Volume: 47, Issue: 2, Pages: 145-158
Online Access: doi
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Summary:Using data on 247 offenders with mental illness, this analysis seeks to identify characteristics that distinguish those who are returned to prison or a psychiatric hospital with those who remain in the community. Sociodemographic, mental health, criminal history, and service variables are compared across a range of outcome categories with a focus on those reinstitutionalized and those reincarcerated. Those returning to institutions have somewhat different mental health service and criminal justice histories than the engaged/community group. In particular, the group that is reincarcerated is more likely released from misdemeanor sentences, and the group being released from felony sentences is more likely to be found in a psychiatric hospital after release from correctional custody. These findings have implications regarding the cumulative effects of engagement with the criminal justice system and the process through which persons with mental illness and a criminal history cycle through institutions
ISSN:0306-624X
DOI:10.1177/0306624X03251093