Five-Year Outcomes of Therapeutic Community Treatment of Drug-Involved Offenders After Release from Prison

With growing numbers of drug-involved offenders, substance abuse treatment has become a critical part of corrections. A multistage therapeutic community implemented in the Delaware correctional system has as its centerpiece a residential treatment program during work releaseαthe transition between p...

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Published in:Crime & delinquency
Main Author: Inciardi, James A. (Author)
Other Authors: Martin, Steven S.; Butzin, Clifford A.
Format: Electronic Article
Language:Undetermined language
Published: 2004
In:Crime & delinquency
Year: 2004, Volume: 50, Issue: 1, Pages: 88-107
Online Access: Volltext (Resolving-System)
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Summary:With growing numbers of drug-involved offenders, substance abuse treatment has become a critical part of corrections. A multistage therapeutic community implemented in the Delaware correctional system has as its centerpiece a residential treatment program during work releaseαthe transition between prison and community. An evaluation of this program followed 690 individuals. At 5 years, those who participated in the program were significantly more likely to be drug and arrest free. Furthermore, treatment graduates with or without aftercare had significantly greater probabilities of remaining both arrest free and drug free than did a no treatment comparison group in regular work release. Dropouts also were significantly more likely to be drug free, although not significantly less likely to have a new arrest than those without treatment. These data show that the implementation of such programs could bring about significant reductions in both drug use and drug-related crime. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Physical Description:Online-Ressource
ISSN:1552-387X
DOI:10.1177/0011128703258874