The crimes of wildlife trafficking: issues of justice, legality and morality
This book examines trade and trafficking in endangered animal species and how the trade increasingly puts large numbers of nonhuman species at risk. Focusing on illegal trafficking, the book also discusses the harmful aspects of the trade and trafficking which is taking place in concordance with law...
Abingdon, Oxon New York, NY
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|This book examines trade and trafficking in endangered animal species and how the trade increasingly puts large numbers of nonhuman species at risk. Focusing on illegal trafficking, the book also discusses the harmful aspects of the trade and trafficking which is taking place in concordance with laws and regulations. Drawing on the findings of empirical research from Norway and Colombia, the study discusses how this global, transnational trend is addressed, and features of the trade and the ways in which it is controlled in the two case study locations. It also explores the motives driving the trade, and the consequences in terms of animal abuse and environmental harm. The book discusses whether internationally agreed measures, such as international conventions, actually help prevent the trade. Possible ways to address the harms of wildlife trade are considered, including a total ban. The work draws on a green criminology and eco feminist theoretical framework to provide a broad perspective on concepts such as harm, animal rights, species justice and speciesism
Cover; Half Title; Series Page; Title; Copyright; Contents; List of tables; Preface and acknowledgements; 1 Introduction to the legal and illegal abduction, theriocide and trafficking of endangered animals; The deep roots of animal trafficking; Wildlife trafficking: a brief overview of its features; The offenders: buyers, abductors, killers and middlemen; The legal framework, the CITES and EU regulation; 2 Methodology and ecophilosophical orientation; The locations and framework of this research; Norwegian data; Colombian data
Enforcement, priorities and knowledge about CITES crimesOn cooperation and compartmentalized responsibility among control agencies; When economic value increases priority; Freight companies: a serious challenge; Legal versus illegal trade, parallel legal and illegal markets and ways of offending -- Norway; 7 The keeping of exotic reptiles in Norway; Reptile keepers' motives for keeping their reptiles; The human-reptile relationship; Being criminalized and labelled; Problems with keeping reptiles; Feeding reptiles live mice; 8 Summary of the Norwegian case study; Offenders
Situating myself in relation to the research: autoethnography and ecofeminist care ethicsAn ecofeminist perspective and neutral research; Critique of conventional criminology approaches; To see and empathize with the other; 3 Animals and animal products trafficked to Norway; The legal framework in Norway; Seizure data and confiscation reports from Customs; Customs seizure reports from Norway: species, products and modus operandi; The gendered nature of trafficking; Parrot trafficking conviction 1; Parrot trafficking conviction 2: should lessons be learnt from an earlier sentence?
Supreme Court verdict, trafficking in animal products4 Court cases exemplifying the variations of wildlife trade and animal abuse; Ivory smuggling and eBay shopping; Motivation: the thrill of collecting; Internet auction addiction?; The verdict in the ivory/collector case and the application of law; Case: taxidermy and the pet trade: trafficking in dead and live endangered birds and predators; Trophy hunting and wildlife collections: crimes of 'masculinity'?; Case: trafficking raccoons, nose bears and raccoon dogs to Norway, abusing farm animals and committing hunting crimes
The charges in the raccoon caseThe verdict in the raccoon case; 5 Trafficking within Norway and from Norway to other countries; Case: reptile trafficking from Norway, as described in the investigation material and interviews; The final charges in the reptile trafficking case; The verdict in the reptile trafficking case; When are acts of animal abuse seriously abusive, and who count as victims?; Bird crime and trade; Supreme Court decisions concerning bird (and other animal) crimes; 6 The enforcement of CITES in Norway from the perspective of CITES control agencies
|Includes bibliographical references and index