Gangs: an introduction

"Gangs: An Introduction provides a wide-ranging overview ideal for courses on gangs. Opening with a discussion of early research and perspectives from the late 1920s until the early 1970s, the book then moves on to cover sociological and legal definitions of gangs; daily life and risk and prote...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Sanders, Bill (Author)
Format: Print Book
Published: New York Oxford University Press 2017
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Summary:"Gangs: An Introduction provides a wide-ranging overview ideal for courses on gangs. Opening with a discussion of early research and perspectives from the late 1920s until the early 1970s, the book then moves on to cover sociological and legal definitions of gangs; daily life and risk and protective factors; race and immigration; female gang members; drug use and selling; violence and victimization; the cultural criminology of gangs; theories on gangs and gang behaviors; desistance; suppression, intervention, and prevention; and more. FEATURES * A focus on theories of gangs, rather than on criminological theories * Original contributions to the gang literature * An emphasis on evidence-based practices * Examples of real-life court cases * Interview excerpts from gang members, drawn from the author's research *Media Check! sections in each chapter featuring examples from movies, documentaries, TV shows, and music"--
"This is a textbook for undergraduate majors and non-majors in an introductory Juvenile Delinquency course or course on Gangs"--
Machine generated contents note: -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- About the Author -- Introduction -- A History of Respectable Fears -- Estimating the Number of Gangs, Gang Members, and Gang Crimes -- Chapter 1. Early Research and Perspectives -- 18th- and 19th-Century Gangs -- Thrasher: The First Gang Researcher -- Gangs as Delinquent Subcultures -- Differential Opportunity Theory -- Lower-Class Culture and Adolescence -- Gangs as Near-Group -- Group Process and Gang Delinquency -- Roles within Gangs: Keiser and the Vice Lords -- Street Gangs and Street Workers -- Chapter 2. Definitions, Daily Life, Dynamics, and Risk Factors -- Sociological Definitions -- Legal Definitions -- What Gangs Are Not -- A Structured Typology -- Daily Life -- Positive and Negative Aspects -- Interrelated Dynamics -- Membership -- Organization -- Subgroups -- Intensity -- The Causes and Correlates Studies -- Protective Factors -- Chapter 3. Race, Migration, and Immigration -- A Brief Note on Race Relations in American History -- Black Gangs -- The Crips and Bloods -- Latino Gangs -- The People Nation and the Folks Nation -- A Typology of Mexican American Gangs -- Asian and Asian Pacific Islander Gangs -- Chinese Gangs -- Southeast Asian Gangs -- Filipino Gangs -- Native American Gangs -- White Gangs -- Skinheads -- Skinheads as Gangs -- Nazi Low Riders -- Chapter 4. Females -- Early Studies and Stereotypes -- Increases in Female Arrests and Incarceration -- Further Developments in Female Gang Research -- Differences and Similarities between Gang Females and Males -- The Number of Female Gangs and Gang Members -- Different Types of Female Gangs -- Female Gang Violence -- Sexual Victimization -- Identity, Femininity, Sexuality, and Respect -- Pregnancy and Motherhood -- Prosocial Functions and Post-Gang Lives -- Chapter 5. Drug Use and Sales -- Substance Use Patterns -- Alcohol -- Marijuana -- Other Illicit Drugs -- Attitudes about Hard Drug Use -- Drug Addiction -- Drug Selling -- Myths about Drug Selling -- Drug Sales and Violence -- Chapter 6. Violence and Victimization -- The Definition of Gang-Related Violence -- The Prevalence of Gang Violence -- Witness Intimidation -- Fighting -- Firearms -- Homicide -- Victimization -- Chapter 7. Style and Media -- Cultural Criminology -- The Importance of Style -- Interpreting Graffiti -- Gangsta Rap -- Homology, Diffusion, and Criminalization -- The Mass Media -- Moral Panics, Policy, and Other Outcomes -- The Internet -- Chapter 8. Theories on Gangs and Gang Behaviors -- Multiple Marginalization -- Enhancement, Selection, and Facilitation Hypotheses -- Gangs as Resistance -- Women's Liberation and Social Injury Hypotheses -- Marijuana Normalization -- Theoretical Miscellanea -- Control Theory -- Labeling -- Biosocial -- Perspectives on Gang Violence -- Threat -- Locura -- Subculture of Violence -- Masculinity -- Violence as Transcendence -- Grounded Culture -- Toward a Theory on Gang Fighting -- Chapter 9. Prison Gangs -- The Emergence of Prison Gangs -- The Number of Prison Gangs -- Prison Gangs Based on Race -- Aryan Brotherhood -- The Mexican Mafia -- Black Guerilla Family -- Differences and Similarities between Street and Prison Gangs -- The Relationship between Prison Gangs and Street Gangs -- Radicalization and Prison Gangs -- Prison Gang Misconduct -- Prison Guard Misconduct and Gangs -- Leaving Prison Gangs -- Recidivism -- Responding to Prison Gangs -- Chapter 10. Desistance and Leaving the Gang -- Desistance from Crime and Delinquency -- The Life-Course Perspective -- Identity and Agency -- Hooks for Change -- Displacement and Drug Use -- Desistance Miscellanea -- Leaving the Gang -- Violent Rituals -- Positions within the Gang and Gang Organization -- A Shift in Peer Network Affiliations -- A Reduction in Risk Behaviors and Victimization -- Family and Employment -- Routine Activities and Disposition -- Have They Really Left? -- Resisting Gangs -- Chapter 11. Public Health Aspects -- Gang Youth and Public Health -- Unsafe Sexual Behaviors and STIs -- Incarceration as Health Risk -- Symptoms of Mental Health Illness and Psychiatric Diagnoses -- Homelessness -- Injuries -- Health Miscellanea -- Nursing Intervention -- Toward a Public Health Agenda for Gang Youth -- Chapter 12. Gangs outside of the United States -- England -- Early Research -- South London, 1996-2002 -- Modern Investigations -- Eurogang Research -- Holland -- Germany -- France -- Spain -- Italy -- Northern Countries -- Russia -- Canada -- Israel -- Latin America -- Mexico -- The Caribbean -- Central America -- Brazil -- Australia -- China -- Chapter 13. Suppression, Intervention, and Prevention -- Suppression -- Gang Legislation -- Civil Gang Injunctions -- Police Gang Units -- Gang Cop Misconduct -- Boston Gun Project -- Diversion -- Intervention -- The Chicago Area Project -- Interventionists -- The Spergel Model -- The Comprehensive Strategy -- Problems with Citywide Approaches -- Homeboy Industries -- Cure Violence -- Truces -- Prevention -- Gang Resistance Education and Training (GREAT) -- Other Gang Educational Curricula -- Appendix -- References -- Credits -- Subject Index -- Author Index
Physical Description:xxiii, 376 pages 24 cm