Rating the honesty of white and black children via implicit and explicit measures: implications for child victims in the criminal justice system

The present study explored implicit and explicit honesty perceptions of White and Black children and whether these perceptions predicted legal decisions in a child abuse case. Participants consisted of 186 younger and 189 older adults from the online Prolific participant pool. Implicit racial bias w...

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Bibliographic Details
Authors: O’Connor, Alison M. (Author) ; Hall, William (Author) ; Campbell, Karen L. (Author)
Format: Electronic Article
Language:English
Published: 2023
In: Child maltreatment
Year: 2023, Volume: 28, Issue: 3, Pages: 450-461
Online Access: Volltext (lizenzpflichtig)
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Summary:The present study explored implicit and explicit honesty perceptions of White and Black children and whether these perceptions predicted legal decisions in a child abuse case. Participants consisted of 186 younger and 189 older adults from the online Prolific participant pool. Implicit racial bias was measured via a modified Implicit Association Test and explicit perceptions through self-reports. Participants read a simulated legal case where either a Black or White child alleged physical abuse against their sports coach, and they rated the honesty of the child’s testimony and rendered a verdict. Participants were implicitly biased to associate honesty with White children over Black children, and this bias was stronger among older adults. In the legal vignette, for participants who read about a Black child victim, greater implicit racial bias predicted less trust in the child’s testimony and a lower likelihood of convicting the coach of abusing the child. In contrast to their implicit bias, participants self-reported Black children as being more honest than White children, suggesting a divergence in racial attitudes across implicit and explicit measures. Implications for child abuse victims are discussed.
Item Description:Literaturverzeichnis
Physical Description:Diagramme
ISSN:1552-6119
DOI:10.1177/10775595231173363